Wetlands include habitats such as fens, reedbeds and marsh and are some of our most important natural resources supporting many native wildlife species including invertebrates, birds, otter and water vole.
Read about the Newport Wetlands Reserve
Reedbeds are wetlands dominated by stands of the common reed, where the water table is at or above ground level for most of the year.
They tend to include areas of open water and ditches, and small areas of wet grassland and woodland may also be associated with them.
Reedbeds are amongst the most important habitats for birds in the UK and in Newport they are known to support the rarely seen Cetti`s warbler and bearded tit, and also provide roosting and feeding sites for migratory species, including the globally threatened aquatic warbler.
During the winter reedbeds are used as roost sites by several raptor species or flocks of thousands of starlings.
Fens and marsh
Marsh is defined as pasture which is periodically flooded.
Sites may also contain seasonal water-filled hollows and permanent ponds where the nutrient-rich mud will contain many worms and invertebrates which wading birds love to feed on and frogs, newts and toads will take shelter in the cool, damp, grassy areas.